PhD Fellow: Salomé Antoine
My name is Salomé Antoine, and I am currently working as an Early-Stage Researcher in the CoBra Project. In 2020 I graduated from the Dual Master in Brain and Mind Sciences between London and Paris. During these two years I studied Social Neuroscience and carried research projects in both University College London and Sorbonne University in Paris.
As a PhD fellow in the Brain Language Laboratory at Freie Universität in Berlin, I am investigating predictions in the understanding of communicative acts under the supervision of Prof. Friedemann Pulvermüller. My project is also co-supervised by Dr. Kristof Strijkers (Aix-Marseille University) and Prof. Alessandro D’Ausilio (Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Ferrara). My main focus of interest is predictions, as they play a central role in language processing and language dynamics between interlocutors. As such, I am studying brain indexes of prediction in real time, measured with EEG through interactive language experiments.
Although the role of prediction in language and communication processing is widely acknowledged, there exist few brain indexes that directly map the neurophysiological correlates of prediction as these emerge in real time. Most studies use event-related activity elicited after the predicted (or not predicted) linguistic forms, e.g., the N400 to semantically expected or unexpected words, and more recently, speech acts. ESR4 will use the readiness potential to directly map the emergence of prediction correlates in the course of communications between two people. Participants will engage in different interactive language games while predictive brain responses will be measured with EEG or fMRI and, eventually, MEG. TMS will be applied to find out whether local stimulation can specifically interfere with communicative predictions. ESR4 will also examine the role of sentence context, where semantic predictions in affirmative and negated sentences will be contrasted. We expect ESR4 to find new brain indexes of semantic and pragmatic predictions, which will be used to directly assess current theories of alignment between communication partners in different types of conversations.
- Define the readiness potential’s role as an index of semantic and pragmatic predictions;
- Compare neural correlated of communicative and semantic function and prediction for different types of social interactions and speech acts.
Based in Berlin, Germany
Full-time three-year contract, starting September 2020
PhD enrolment at: Freie Universität Berlin
Main supervisor’s institution: Freie Universität Berlin
Main supervisor: Prof Friedemann Pulvermüller
- Aix-Marseille University: cooperation on MEG work addressing speech production and comprehension in communication with MEG (5 months);
- Italian Institute of Technology, Ferrara: cooperation on the design and implementation of the TMS experiment (5,5 months).
- Aix-Marseille University, France
- Italian Institute of Technology, Ferrara, Italy